A: It depends. Proximity in time to the employee's protected activity is one factor a court may consider- though generally insufficient by itself. In simple terms, the question is really whether the adverse employment action (new PIP/demotion) was justified by the facts- or was motivated by (caused by) retaliation. It may be worthwhile to amend the EEO administrative complaint to include new alleged retaliation.
A: Speculating without context that might make a difference- the phrase appears to simply say that the contracting party will not agree to an increase in price for newly renewed contracts (but might renew the contract at the same "contract value" for another fiscal year).